Gum Overgrowth Treatment Options

Gum overgrowth, or gingival hyperplasia, is a condition where excess gum tissue forms around the teeth, often leading to aesthetic concerns and potential oral health issues. Understanding the causes, symptoms, and treatments can help manage and prevent this condition effectively.

gum overgrowth

Causes of Gum Overgrowth

Gum overgrowth can be triggered by a variety of factors. Certain medications, such as those used for epilepsy, immune suppression, and blood pressure control, are known to cause gingival hyperplasia as a side effect. Additionally, inflammatory conditions resulting from plaque buildup and poor oral hygiene can stimulate gum tissue growth. Genetic factors also play a role, with some individuals being more predisposed to this condition than others.

Symptoms and Diagnosis

The primary symptom of gum overgrowth is the enlargement of gum tissue, which can cover parts of or entire teeth. This can lead to difficulties in chewing, a feeling of discomfort in the gums, and can significantly affect one’s smile and self-esteem. Diagnosing gum overgrowth typically involves a dental examination where the dentist assesses the extent of the tissue growth and identifies any underlying causes, such as medication use or existing gum disease.

Treatment Options

Treatment for gum overgrowth depends on the underlying cause. If medication-induced, altering the medication with the guidance of a healthcare provider can often reverse the growth. For hyperplasia caused by inflammation, professional cleaning and improved oral hygiene can reduce gum swelling. In cases where the overgrowth is severe or does not respond to initial treatments, surgical procedures like a gingivectomy may be necessary. This procedure involves the removal of excess gum tissue to restore a normal gum line and improve oral health.

Gingivectomy at Jamestowne South Dental

Jamestowne South Dental offers gingivectomy procedures as part of comprehensive treatment plans for patients experiencing gum overgrowth. This surgical approach not only addresses aesthetic concerns but also helps prevent potential complications such as periodontal disease, which can arise from trapped bacteria in oversized gum pockets. By carefully removing the excess tissue, our dental professionals help restore the health and appearance of your gums.


Gum overgrowth is a manageable condition with the right approach to treatment and care. For residents in Southfield, Franklin, Bingham Farms, and Beverly Hills, MI, Jamestowne South Dental provides expert diagnosis and treatment options, including surgical interventions like gingivectomy. Regular dental visits and addressing any potential causes early on can help maintain both the health and aesthetics of your gums, ensuring a comfortable and confident smile.

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